What the **** are Terpenes?

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terpenes
Something you might notice while using cannabis products is their (dank ass) smell. Like most plants, they tend to have one. So where does this aroma come from? Terpenes!

But there’s more to them…

Essentially, terpenes are oils found inside cannabis and several other plants, including sage, thyme, and citrus fruits. There are over 150 terpenes inside a cannabis plant, which give various products unique scents, flavours, and colours. It’s the reason different strains smell and taste different from one another. Terpenes aren’t new to the cannabis community, but their effects on humans are still being studied. As research continues, understanding the purpose is getting easier. The interesting thing about terpenes is they don’t do their job on their own. A whole-plant synergy happens when cannabis and terpenes are consumed together. Known as the entourage effect, all the compounds within a cannabis product work together.

Studies suggest terpenes influence the effects of THC and CBD on the body.

Full-spectrum cannabis extract as a medicinal plant tends to contain cannabinoids, terpenes and additional compounds. Additionally, terpenes boost cannabinoid activity. However, higher concentrations are required to have noticeable effects. Many consumers focus heavily on the THC content when selecting a strain. However, terpene profiles are just as important. After all, they give cannabis products their unique aromas and flavour profiles.

Here are the common types…

In cannabis, there are a few common types of terpenes. These are some of the ones you can find in our products. Let us break them down for you and explain their aromas.

Myrcene:

It has a fairly sweet flavour profile similar to that of a mango. The scents include herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky. Studies suggest that this terpene can reduce inflammation associated with conditions such as osteoarthritis. 

Caryophyllene:

Also found in spices like cloves, rosemary, oregano and black pepper, you’ll notice this terpene’s spicy bite in cannabis products. It binds to the CB2 receptor, which can decrease the effects of conditions like colitis, diabetes, anxiety and depression. 

Limonene:

Known to smell like sweet citrus, it’s often found in some of the fruity bouquets of cannabis. It can alter the way our body’s immune cells behave. Studies suggest limonene increases the production of antibodies in the spleen and bone marrow, which can limit the effects of pathogenic bacteria and viruses. 

 

Pinene:

Prepare for a woodsy scent. Notes of pine and fir are the most prominent smells within this terpene. However, you should keep in mind that are few strains with pinene as their primary terpene. It helps with alertness, memory, retention and symptoms of asthma. 

 

Linalool:

When you encounter linalool, it’s like smelling a flower. Most strains with this terpene have lavender undertones. You can find it in over 200 different species of plants. Studies find it works well as a sedative, anti-inflammatory and stress reliever. 

Although terpenes have various effects on different strains of cannabis, there’s still so much to learn.

There is potential for it to be used in the medical industry, but more research is required to understand this theory better. Once more information becomes available, terpenes might someday become an alternative treatment option.
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